If this page does not present properly, you need to install or update your Flash Player Click here to download Flash Player
For Information Call: 877-266-7266
Where Responsible Providers Strive to Provide
Excellent Outcomes
If this page does not present properly, you need to install or update your Flash Player Click here to download Flash Player

  By Specialty
  This medical specialty glossary also functions as a search.  
  Step 1 .
Find the medical specialty below listed in alphabetical order.
  step 2 .
Click on the "read more" link to expand the description.
  step 3 .
If cities are listed below the description, click on the city to see a list of medical practices offering that specialty.

Provider Medical Specialty Glossary/Finder

Acupuncture is a branch of Chinese medicine in which needles are inserted...
read more:
into a patient’s skin as therapy for various disorders or to induce anesthesia. Traditional Chinese medicine holds that the Chi (life force) flowsthrough the body along meridians. Blockage in one or more of these meridians is believed to cause ill health.  Acupuncturists aim to restore health by inserting fine, wire-thin needles into the skin at specific sites on the body along various meridians.

Acupuncture has been accepted as an anesthetic for dental procedures and certain surgical operations, as well as during labor and delivery.  Some practitioners use acupuncture to reduce pain after operations and also to relieve chronically painful conditions.

In addition, acupuncture has been known to successfully treat….

  •  Back pain
  •  Sciatica
  •  Headaches and migraines
  •  Neck pain and general stiffness
  •  Arthritis and joint problems
  •  Shoulder pain
  •  Stress and tension
  •  TMJ or jaw pain
  •  Anxiety and depression
Costa Mesa, Palmdale, Los Angeles, Long Beach

Chiropractic is based on the scientific fact that the nervous system controls the function of...
read more:
every cell, tissue, organ, and other system of the body. While the brain is protected by the skull, the spinal cord is more vulnerable, covered by 24 moving vertebrae.  When these bones lose their normal motion or position, they can irritate the nerves control.

Chiropractic involves the science of locating areas of spinal malfunction, the art of correcting them, and the philosophy of healing naturally.  Chiropractic care produces lasting, favorable results and is an effective treatment option in many cases.

In addition to manipulation of the spine, chiropractic practitioners may also use intersegmental traction, surface EMG, ultrasound, electro-muscle stimulation, cryotherapy, superficial heat, and/or interferential electro-therapy as part of a patient’s treatment protocol.

Consultation with a Doctor of chiropractic may be beneficial in cases of:

  •  Sports ailments or injury
  •  Lower back pain
  •  Sciatica
  •  Disc problems
  •  Whiplash
  •  Degeneration

Dentists provide diagnosis and treatment of disorders of the teeth and gums and provide...
read more:
preventive care through routine examination, cleanings, and other services designed to maintain optimum dental health.

Participating dentists are also available to provide emergency care in the case of injury or disorders of the teeth and gums that require immediate treatment because of severe pain or because delay could lead to poor healing or other complications.  Dental emergencies that require immediate attention are:
  •  Dislodgment of a tooth from its socket
  •  Fracture caused by direct blow to a tooth
  •  Injury to teeth, jaw, or mouth
  •  Severe toothache
  •  Acute bleeding of the gums

Diagnostic Testing:
Diagnostic tests help a physician determine the cause of a person’s ailment.
read more:
Test may be ordered after a physical examination, an evaluation of the patient’s medical history, and/or the formation of a provisional diagnosis.  Confirmation is obtained through a range of diagnostic tests, which may include the following:
  •  Blood tests – to determine the relative presence of various substances
  •  Non-cholera vibrio (NCV) – to detect the presence of certain bacteria
  •  Surface Electromyogram (EMG) – to record the electrical activity in the muscular system
  •  Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) – to provide high quality cross-sectional        images of organs and structures within the body without x-rays or other radiation
  •  CT Scan / X-Ray – a diagnostic technique in which the combined use of a computer and x-rays passed through the body at different angles produces clear cross-sectional images of the tissue
  Bone imaging – techniques for providing pictures of bone structure and functions

Emergency Services:
Those services provided in connection with an Emergency Condition, including...
read more:
screening and examination services provided to a Patient who requests medical treatment to determine if an Emergency Condition exists.

Internal Medicine:
Internists cover a wide spectrum of ailments of the internal organs of adult patients.
read more:
Because this specialty requires a broad range of general knowledge, internists often provide primary care to individuals and are consulted to help determine where a person should go for further diagnosis and specialized care.

The services of an internist are often required for injury or ailments involving the:

  •  Heart
  •  Lungs
  •  Hormones
  •  Digestive organs
  •  Tissue structures
  •  Kidneys

Massage Therapy:
Massage therapists employ a variety of techniques using the hands, mechanical, or...
read more:

electrical apparatus to stimulate or soothe soft tissues of the body for therapeutic purposes.  Massage works by kneading and stroking muscles to relax them, and uses friction to stimulate soft tissue.  Massage therapy can increase blood and lymph circulation, while breaking up scar tissue between muscle fibers.

Massage therapy is used to treat many conditions and to provide specific results, such as:

  •  Body relaxation
  •  Reduction of swelling
  •  Muscle mobilization
  •  Enhanced joint and muscle function
  •  Improved circulation
  •  Increased metabolism
  •  Promotion of the healing process

Providers specializing in neurology deal with diagnosis and treating of disorders of the...
read more:

nervous system.  In addition to a detailed knowledge of the structure and function of the brain spinal cord, and nerves, neurologists also understand the many related conditions that can affect them.

To aid in the diagnosis of neurological conditions, extensive use is made of modern imaging techniques ( such as CT scanning and MRIs).  Because the nervous system is profusely supplied with blood vessels that may be involved in a neurological disorder, angiography, an x-ray imaging technique to show blood vessels, is often used in diagnosis as well.

Consultation with a neurologist may be required if an individual demonstrates any of the following symptoms:

  •  Weakness, numbness, or tremors
  •  Headaches or other pain
  •  Nervousness, irritability, or drowsiness
  •  Loss of memory, periods of confusion, hallucinations, or episodes of loss of consciousness
  •  Problems with attention span or slow response to verbal pr painful stimuli
  •  Problems with balance, cognition, or the ability to follow commands

Ophthalmologists provide diagnosis and treatment of disorders of the eye, including…
read more:
  •  Assessment of vision
  •  The prescription of glasses or contact lenses to correct defects
  •  Surgery required to treat eye disorders, such as cataracts, glaucoma, retinal detachment, or obstruction of the tear ducts

In addition, ophthalmologists frequently work closely with other physicians because many disorders of the retina at the back of the eye are signs of non-optical conditions like ….

  •  Hypertension
  •  Atherosclerosis
  •  Diabetes mellitus

Careful analysis of a person’s field of vision can also reveal defects that indicate neurological damage, such as the damage caused by a brain tumor.

Orthopedics covers disorders of the bones and joints, as well as the muscles, tendons, and…
read more:
ligaments associated with them.  Orthopedists perform many tasks, including setting broken bones and putting on casts; treating joint conditions, such as dislocations, slipped disc, arthritis, and back problems; treating bone tumors and birth defects of the skeleton; and surgically repairing or replacing hip, knee, or finger joints.

Consultation with an orthopedic surgeon may be required in cases of injury or problems with the:

  •  Spine
  •  Knee
  •  Wrist
  •  Hand
  •  Shoulder

Pain Management:
Effective pain management produces relief of the painful sensations experienced in…
read more:

suffering the physiologic and psychologic effects of disease or trauma.  Our pain management specialists provide evaluation of the type of pain the patient is experiencing, the physical and psychological origins of the pain, and the behavioral patterns commonly associated with different kinds of pain.

The most common type of pain intervention is the administration of narcotics.  However, methods of pain intervention for acute pain are different from those for chronic pain.

Consultation with a pain management physician may be required in cases of: 

  •  Unusually sudden pain
  •  Transient pain
  •  Intermittent pain
  •  Prolonged or chronic pain

A licensed establishment where covered prescription drugs are filled and dispensed…
read more:

by a pharmacist licensed under the laws of the state where he or she practices.

Physical Therapy:
Physical therapy following an on-the-job or personal injury is often required to restore…
read more:
mobility.  The services provided by physical therapists are comprehensive and of the highest quality.  Physical therapy may include:
  •  Therapeutic exercise – instruction on exercises that addresses the specific issues of the patient
  •  Manual therapy – body manipulation techniques including mobilization, stretching, and/or the use of therapeutic tools
  •  Modalities – the use of hot and/or cold electrical stimulation and manual or mechanical traction
  •  Aqua therapy – hot water therapy used with patients experiencing significant orthopedic pain and dysfunction to relieve pressure from joints and soft tissue and provide a medium that facilitates movement and recovery, while minimizing pain
  •  Strengthening exercises – participation in an active gym program specifically designed to meet the rehabilitation needs of each individual patient
  •  Full mobility regime – exercise that allows for rapid progression of patients beyond manual resistance levels to maximize fitness, endurance, and strength levels

Podiatrists deal with the examination, diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of diseases…
read more:
and malfunctions of the foot and its related structures.

Our podiatrists are all licensed to prescribe medicine and perform surgery.  While most surgery can be performed in the podiatrist’s office or in an ambulatory surgical center, podiatrists may also use hospital facilities, as determined by severity of the condition.

Examination by a podiatrist may be required in cases of:

  •  Injury to the foot or ankle
  •  Trauma to the foot caused by work requirements or conditions

Post-Treatment Life Change Programs:
read more:

Psychological assessment is often required in cases of work-related stress or to evaluate…
read more:
neuropsychological impairment for disability status.

Because psychology is the scientific study of mental process and deals with memory, thought, perception, speech, and behavior – as well as intelligence, learning, and the development of personality – methods and results may vary widely among practitioners.

  •  Psychological testing and evaluation
  •  Individual and/or group therapy
  •  Hypnosis
  •  Relaxation techniques
  •  Behavior modifications techniques

Sports Medicine:
Practitioners in the field of sports medicine specialize in the prevention and treatment…
read more:

of injuries resulting from training for and participation in athletics or other intense physical activities.  More then one million people are treated for sports-related injuries each year in the United States.

Most sports injuries involve muscle sprains, strains, and tears, which frequently result from inadequate preliminary “warm-ups” exercise.  Among any number of other ailments, sports medicine deals primarily with these common conditions:

  •  Shin splints
  •  Runner’s knee
  •  Pulled hamstring muscles
  •  Achilles tendonitis
  •  Ankle sprain
  •  Arch sprain
  •  Charley horse
  •  Tennis elbow
  •  Baseball finger
  •  Dislocations
  •  Muscle cramps
  •  Bursitis

Major surgery is generally performed at a hospital under anesthesia, requiring inpatient…
read more:

care during recovery.  Minor surgery can often be performed in the physician’s office or at an outpatient surgical center or outpatient unit of a hospital.

Surgery is generally required for:

  •  Removal of diseased or injury tissue or organs
  •  Relief of obstruction
  •  Replacement of structures to their normal position
  •  Redirection of body channels
  •  Transplantation of tissues or whole organs
  •  Implantation of mechanical or electronic devices

read more: